Heat pump (indoor unit), ventilation with heat recovery and heating/cooling heat exchanger, PV inverter and heat floors manifold
Heat pump (indoor unit), ventilation with heat recovery and heating/cooling heat exchanger, PV inverter and heat floors manifold. All produced by a leading Austrian company OVUM HEIZTECHNIK GMBH
Heat Pumps

A heat pump is an electrical device designed to extract and transfer energy, where it is needed, to heat and cool indoor environments. The operational mechanism of this system is similar to air conditioner or refrigerators, as it collects heat from outside sources (air, water, ground) to bring it inside while spending energy only on the “pumping” process. During the winter season, the heat pump extracts its heat from the outdoor air, moving it indoors; while in summer, it collects heat energy from the inside air, moving it outside. There are three major types of heat pumps on the market: air-to-air, water source, and geothermal. Heat pumps` efficiency level is measured through the conversion factor, heat transfer coefficient, which identifies how much heat could be received from 1kw of a used energy. For the air-to-air heat pump type, the coefficient is 5+; while for the water-source heat pump is 6+. Their conversion factors prove a higher degree of performance and cost-efficiency level than gas boilers, since heat pumps tend to keep heat inside, instead of disposing it outside.

Heat pump systems could be used in the combination with solar panels, reducing up to 50% of electricity consumption consumed from central hydro. Heat pumps are automatic, remotely controlled, sound insulated, providing the healthiest and comfortable indoor climates.

PV panels
PV panels produce electricity that reduces consumption from the grid.
Photovoltaic solar panels

The solar panel system known for its renewable generation of electricity from the sun became a common landscape element on buildings`roofs across the world. Solar batteries prove their high-quality performance as its average durability is approximately up to 30 years. On average, the standard size solar battery (1695mm x 995 mm) produces 300 volts of energy during sunny days in Toronto. Based on this result, solar panels located throughout the roof are capable of serving as a small-scale hydro station, reducing up to 50% of heating and cooling from central hydro. Roofs` solar batteries permit buildings from overheating, as less energy is needed for the cooling process. Photovoltaic modules mounted on building roofs offer an opportunity for buildings to switch to autonomic mode.

Hydronic heat floors and indoor environment
Hydronic heat floors provide the healthiest indoor environment.

Description of technologies to be used

For our building design, we choose to proceed with a complex use of the newest technologies, ensuring high quality housing with relatively similar construction costs.

1.Cross-Laminated Timber`s house kits are individually designed in accordance with particular projects` metrics. Due to precise pre-fabrication of the finished elements, the assembly of the house at the construction site is quick, quiet, and excludes construction debris.

CLT houses are durable, sound insulated, eco-friendly, fire-resistant, and maintain a healthy indoor climate.

2.A very important feature of the building is European type windows and doors with aluminum or wood-aluminum frames and a special three-layer glass, designed for energy-efficient homes. Such windows and doors have very low heat losses, excellent sound isolation, and convenience - they may open in two planes.

3.Every building will have the most modern engineering systems for heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and additional electrical feeding from PV solar panels installed on the roof.
Heating through hydraulic (radiant) heated floor systems, which is hygienic and healthy (warmer at feet level and cooler at head level). Hot water for heating and residential needs will be produced by Heat Pumps.
PV solar panels reduce heating and air conditioning costs for up to 30%. The gas boiler may be used as a reserve. Forced ventilation uses a split ventilation system, where each apartment will have its separate air circuit, not mixed with the contours of other apartments to perform its hygienic level.

The recovery system, which heats the incoming air using the heat of the outgoing air, allows to save up to 70% of energy, reducing heating and air conditioning costs.

4. Underground parking is equipped with charging stations to facilitate electric vehicles.

5.Modern high-tech European sanitary equipment, Italian kitchens, and closets from the leaders of the furniture market will be installed in the interiors of the apartments.

Thus, the projected structure, which includes a set of interconnected innovations, will have new high-quality housing with a healthy, environmentally friendly, high convenience, and low monthly maintenance costs.